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Electronic Publishing Trends

This is an analysis of electronic publishing trends from the year 1970 to 2008 in the form of a chart. From the chart you can see, the term "electronic publishing" was unfamiliar to most people in 1970. Then from 1977, some people began to use it, and it gained great popularity from 1980 to 1985. The term experienced ups and downs since then. There are three prime times of the phrase, which appeared in 1985, 1988 and 1997 respectively, from its last heyday, the phrase has been used by less and less people.

Though the term "electronic publishing" is used by less people now, it doesn't necessarily mean that electronic publishing is on the decline. On the contrary, with more advanced E-books available, and with more people realize the importance of environmental protection, electronic publishing will surely gain more popularity in the future.

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Electronic Publishing

From the chart above we see rise and fall of the term "electronic publishing" in literature published between 1970 and 2008.


La Solidarité
November 17, 2015


The IDPF condemns the outrageous and tragic attacks in Paris which have taken the lives of at least two members of the French publishing industry. We stand in solidarity with our many friends, colleagues and members in France. Access to information and knowledge is the single most powerful tool available to promote world peace. IDPF supports this wholeheartedly through its mission to increase access to information and content on a global basis by fostering open standards. We can not and will not let terrorism prevent the advancement of global knowledge, peace and prosperity so we will continue to promote these ends as one element of the fight against barbarism. The IDPF grieves for all the victims and we extend our sincere condolences to their families.

Candidates Solicited for IDPF Board
November 16, 2015
The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) Board of Directors Nominating Committee is soliciting candidates for Director positions for the coming year.  The IDPF Board represents member interests in developing the vision and strategic plan for the organization and providing oversight and guidance to staff and volunteers carrying out the work of the organization. 
Being a board member of the IDPF entails a commitment of responsibility and time. The Board and executive staff currently meet monthly via teleconference, and usually twice a year in a face-to-face meeting. Board time and expenses are not reimbursed. Prospective members should be leaders in their organizations and  have a clear understanding of one or more segments of the digital publishing industry. Familiarity with EPUB and related technologies is helpful; however specific technical expertise is not required. Board meetings are conducted in English with accommodations for non-native English speakers. Remote meetings are scheduled to facilitate participation across multiple time zones.
Interested parties should send a candidate statement by December 11 to To be eligible, an individual must be or become the primary representative of an IDPF member organization. Typically, a candidate statement would include a brief biography, and potentially reasons for running for the position and/or general vision or ideas for the IDPF.
In this cycle, severn of fourteen seats on the IDPF Board will be elected to two-year terms. The Nominating Committee and IDPF Board anticipates recommending to the membership a slate of candidates. The slate will be selected to foster a diverse board  in the interest of providing representation across our global organization with members from all parts of the value chain. A subsequent call for open nominations will be made and elections are anticipated to begin during January.
The current IDPF Board Nominating Committee is comprised of board members Angela Bole (chair), Graham Bell, George Kerscher, and Cristina Mussinelli.

Upcoming IDPF Webinar: IBM BlueMix Accessibility Checker
November 16, 2015
On December 16th at 19 UTC, Thomas Brunet, Rich Schwerdtfeger and P G Ramachandran from IBM will join an IDPF webinar to give a live demonstration of the newly released IBM accessibility checking tools, followed by a Q&A session. The webinar is free for IDPF members (registration required).
Earlier this year, IBM announced their first set of enterprise accessibility tools on IBM Bluemix: Digital Content Checker and Automated Accessibility Tester. The new services provide an easy and affordable way to help enterprises produce accessible content and applications, and integrate accessibility directly into the programming code. By creating better visibility and integration of accessibility best practices across the enterprise, organizations can now be more proactive in identifying and addressing accessibility related issues. The Digital Content Checker can test HTML as well as EPUB documents for accessibility. Read more in the IBM blog post Placing Accessibility at the Forefront of Design and DevOps .

EDRLab Appoints CTO, Evangelist
November 16, 2015
The European Digital Reading Laboratory (EDRLab), recently established to host IDPF Europe and Readium Europe operations, has appointed Laurent Le Meur (@lmrlaurent) as its founding CTO. Laurent will take overall responsibility for day-to-day operations of the Lab as well as in setting strategic direction and coordinations with IDPF, Readium Foundation, and other stakeholders in the global EPUB platform.
Laurent brings an extensive background in overseeing development of software solutions and open standards, including leading the development for IPTC NewsML G2 while heading the Médialab at Agence France Presse. More recently he was head of R&D for media companies UniversCiné and AlloCiné .
In addition, Cyril Labordrie (@Cyril_EDRLab) has been nominated as the EPUB evangelist for IDPF Europe and Readium Europe, jointly appointed with Cap Digital, the French cluster for digital innovation, which is hosting the EDRLab offices. Cyril brings a strong background in software and video game development, and project management..
"EDRLAB Board and I are very pleased to welcome Laurent and Cyril." said Pierre Danet, President, EDRLab, Board member, IDPF and Readium Foundation, and Director Innovation and Digital Technology, Hachette-Livre Group. " With their arrival and engagement we're now advancing our planning in order to actively participate in the creation of new services around the EPUB open standard and Readium open source software, in a perfect coordination and deep partnership with Readium Foundation and IDPF".

IDPF and SSP Partner on New Academic & Professional Publishing Track at IDPF Digital Conference at BEA 2016
November 16, 2015
The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) and the Society for Scholarly Publishing (SSP) today announced that SSP is co-sponsoring a new Academic and Professional Publishing track at the IDPF Digital Conference at BookExpo America 2016 (May 11-12, McCormick Place, Chicago). IDPF Digital @ BEA is the longest-running professional conference for the digital publishing industry. This year's conference will focus on the digital transformation of the overall enterprise of publishing.
IDPF Board member and SSP Past President Bill Kasdorf, VP Content Solutions Apex CoVantage, will serve as program director for the sessions in the new track, which will cover key digital issues that affect all segments of academic and professional publishing, including scholarly journals and books; scientific, technical, and medical publishers; and publishers of educational, training, and professional content. These sectors are, in some respects, far in advance of most other publishing sectors in embracing digital technologies, and yet in other respects have much to gain from today's digital ecosystem– from content acquisition, development, and management to dissemination throughout today's multi-channel, increasingly mobile world.
Speaker and session proposals for IDPF Digital @ BEA 2016 are solicited by Dec. 18, via email to Sally Dedecker at . For sponsorship information, please email Wendy Wels.
Platinum sponsors of the IDPF Digital @ BEA 2016 are OverDrive, SPi Global, and VitalSource.

EPUB 3.1 Revision Kicks Off - Soliciting Member Feedback on Deprecations
November 16, 2015
Work on the EPUB 3.1 revision kicked off on Oct. 8-9 with an initial F2F meeting in NYC, Over 30 participants attended, not including many who dialed in remotely, and the EPUB Working Group is now holding weekly conference calls to continue the discussions, with breakout sub-teams working on key priorities. As part of the work-plan, there is consideration of potentially deprecating several specialized EPUB constructs that have not been widely adopted, in order to simplify EPUB specifications and improve alignment of EPUB with the broader Open Web Platform. To help the Working Group better understand the current situation, IDPF members who produce EPUB content are invited to complete a short survey by December 15. Aggregate results of the survey will be a key input to the EPUB 3.1 process, so your feedback is very important to us. All IDPF members are also invited to participate in the EPUB 3.1 revision and other IDPF standards development activities (join the umbrella EPUB WG Google Group
here, indicating your member organization affiliation if not part of your email address).

EPUB Extensions for Indexes, Dictionaries, Advanced Layout Approved
August 26, 2015
Five modular extensions to EPUB 3.0.1 have been approved as final Recommended Specifications.  The specifications include:
EPUB Indexes 1.0 
EPUB Dictionaries and Glossaries 1.0
EPUB Previews 1.0
EPUB Multiple-Rendition Publications 1.0
EPUB Region-Based Navigation 1.0
IDPF membership organizations voted overwhelmingly in favor of approval, with no specification receiving more than one "no" vote or two "abstain" votes. More information about these specifications and other IDPF current work is available at

IDPF To Open European Headquarters in Paris
August 24, 2015

The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) will later this year formally launch a new European headquarters in Paris, France. IDPF Europe will be co-located with European headquarters for the affiliated Readium Foundation (, hosted by a newly created European Digital Reading Lab (EDRLab). EDRLab has been formed with the support of the French government and industry stakeholders, with  1.5 million Euros of incremental funding already committed. The overall goal of the iniitative is to promote EPUB and Web technologies for publishing, fostering open standards and open source development in order to improve availability, accessibility, and interoperability of digital publications. The European Digital Reading Lab will be located in central Paris within the facilities of Cap Digital, an innovation and business accelerator dedicated to the development of the digital economy in France and the Paris region. EDRLab has already begun to recruit key staff, beginning with its CTO.

Call for Review: EDUPUB Profile for EPUB, Open Annotations in EPUB, EPUB Distributable Objects, EPUB Scriptable Components
July 30, 2015
The Board of Directors of the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) has unanimously approved elevation of five specifications of modular extensions to EPUB to Draft status with a call for member and public review. The specifications, developed by the IDPF EPUB Working Group, include:
EDUPUB Profile for EPUB 1.0, a semantically-enhanced profile of EPUB 3 for e-textbooks and other learning content Open Annotations in EPUB 1.0, which defines an interoperable content model for annotations in EPUB based on W3C Open Annotations
EPUB Distributable Objects 1.0, which defines a general model for creating, transporting, and integrating sub-elements of EPUB  publications
EPUB Scriptable Components 1.0 and EPUB Scriptable Components Packaging and Integration 1.0 which define an interoperable model for creating, transporting, and securely supporting interactive content in EPUB  publications
Member and public comments on the draft specifications are solicited through August 28, 2015. IDPF members may submit comments via the EPUB Working Group mailing list. Public comments may be submitted via email to IDPF CTO Markus Gylling.
These specifications have been developed as part of the EDUPUB Initiative, a collaborative effort between organizations responsible for developing, maintaining, and facilitating the implementation of standards important to education. The EDUPUB Alliance currently includes IDPF, IMS Global, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the Book Industry Study Group (BISG),
 DAISY Consortium, and Readium Foundation. 
NOTE: much of the functionality defined in these draft specifications is intended to support requirements for all types of content. Annotations, distributable objects, and embedded scriptable components are not specific to learning content thus review of these specifications is explicitly requested from all IDPF members and other parties interested in the enhancement of the EPUB standard. While the EDUPUB profile specifically aims to support the needs of learning content, there are elements of this profile that may be of broader applicability, such as its Content Structure section.
In related news, BISG today announced publication of Getting Started With EDUPUB, a non-technical guide for understanding the EDUPUB profile of EPUB.

EPUB 3.0 Published as ISO Technical Specification
December 21, 2014

EPUB 3.0 was recently published by the International Standards Organization as ISO/IEC TS 30135 (parts 1-7)
.  EPUB 3.0 was submitted to ISOi/IEC JTC 1 SC34 (Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 34, 
Document description and processing languages
) by the government of South Korea, in cooperation with the IDPF.
During the by-country voting and subsequent ballot resolution process, several dozen minor specification issues with EPUB 3.0 reported by ISO experts have been resolved in the latest revision of EPUB, EPUB 3.0.1, which recently became the current version of the EPUB Standard. The IDPF anticipates continued collaboration with ISO, with the expectation to submit 
to JTC 1 
a forthcoming EPUB 3.1 update as a prospective full International Standard. A Joint Working Group (JWG) for EPUB has been formed, presently including the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC34, 
ISO TC 46/SC4 and IEC TC 100/TA 100

"IDPF is delighted with the active collaboration with ISO that has led to publication of EPUB 3.0 as ISO TS 30135, as well as improvements in EPUB 3.0.1" said George Kerscher, President of IDPF and Secretary-General of the DAISY Consortium. "An ISO designation for the EPUB Standard will further aid global adoption of EPUB, which is designed to deliver on key accessibility mandates".

"Korea NB has made concerted efforts to promote EPUB 3, including approval of EPUB 3 as Korean National Standard at the end of 2012 to support tbe digital textbook policy of the Ministry of Education, prior to submission as an ISO TS" 
said co-convenors of EPUB Joint Working Group (JWG), Dr. Sam Oh (Prof., 
Sungkyunkwan University)
 and Dr. Yong-Sang Cho. (Principal
 Researcher, Korea Education & Research Information Service - KERIS -  a branch of Korea Ministry of Education). 
Korea's digital textbook helped launch the EDUPUB alliance, and Korean stakeholders have continuously strived to improve EPUB standards for more interactive teaching and  learning environment based on digital textbook. We  firmly believe that EPUB will be adopted more widely and considered as a de-jure  standard, and look forward to collaboration with IDPF in the new Joint Working Group".