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Electronic Publishing Trends

This is an analysis of electronic publishing trends from the year 1970 to 2008 in the form of a chart. From the chart you can see, the term "electronic publishing" was unfamiliar to most people in 1970. Then from 1977, some people began to use it, and it gained great popularity from 1980 to 1985. The term experienced ups and downs since then. There are three prime times of the phrase, which appeared in 1985, 1988 and 1997 respectively, from its last heyday, the phrase has been used by less and less people.

Though the term "electronic publishing" is used by less people now, it doesn't necessarily mean that electronic publishing is on the decline. On the contrary, with more advanced E-books available, and with more people realize the importance of environmental protection, electronic publishing will surely gain more popularity in the future.

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Electronic Publishing

From the chart above we see rise and fall of the term "electronic publishing" in literature published between 1970 and 2008.


IDPF Members Elect Two New Board Directors, Return Six Incumbents
June 21, 2016

In its annual Board elections, 81 IDPF member organizations cast votes, selecting eight Board members from among twelve candidates. Newly elected to the IDPF Board are Mike Baker (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt) and Tzviya Siegman (Wiley).  All six incumbents who ran for re-election were selected, including Paul Belfanti (Jone & Bartlett Learning), Leslie Hulse (HarperCollins), Rick Johnson (Ingram Content Group), Bill Kasdorf (Apex CoVangtage), Liisa McCloy-Kelley (Penguin Random House), and Junichi Yoshii (Kodansha).

Publishing Community Meeting at W3C TPAC 2016 (Sep 22, Lisbon)
June 9, 2016

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF), are organizing a one-day Publishing Community Meeting during W3C’s largest annual event,
TPAC (Technical Plenary / Advisory Committee week).


The Publishing Community Meeting at W3C TPAC (Lisbon, Portugal) will take place Thursday September 22 from 08:30 until 15:00. The agenda will include discussion about publications on the Web, print on demand and other broader use cases for Open Web Platform technologies in publishing, updates and future evolution of EPUB 3 and related specifications such as the EPUB for Education profile, and recent developments in open source building blocks for EPUB and Web-based publishing. Discussion among all participants will be encouraged. A detailed agenda and speakers will be announced later this month.

All IDPF and W3C members are invited to participate;
the registration page
is now available on the W3C site.  (Register with your email address or request a free W3C public account if you do not already have one.)
IDPF members participating in the Publishing Community Meeting may also register to attend other meetings during W3C TPAC, including the W3C Technical Plenary day (Wed. Sep 21) and the W3C Digital Publishing Interest Group meeting (Sep 19 & 20) and may request to observe other meetings as listed on the registration form.  There is a daily fee of 90 EUR for each day you register to attend if you register prior to 2 September; that fee increases on 3 September.

Corporate sponsorship opportunities are available for the
Publishing Community Meeting
. Please contact
if you are interested in being a sponsor.

Is this your first TPAC? Not sure what other sessions are specifically relevant to the publishing industry. IDPF members are invited to register to observe any session, and here are some of the many sessions that could be mutually beneficial (in addition to the above):

Accessible Platform Architecture WG (part of Web Accessibility Initiative, one of the groups that formed when Protocols and Formats split, see
). This group performs accessibility checks and works with other Working Groups to ensure accessibility across the W3C.

Getting Math Onto Web Pages Community Group – Peter Krautzberger is working on making math better. You can join the CG now (without W3C membership)

Permissions and Obligations Expression WG (
). Do you license your content? This group is working on an update to ODRL to express granular permissions in a machine readable way.

ARIA WG. ARIA 1.1 is hot off the presses, and work on ARIA 2.0 is beginning. This groups includes those that build assistive technologies.

Internationalization WG. Do you publish in multiple languages? Are your publications translated? it’s worth just meeting this group and taking a look at their documentation, (

FAQ for IDPF Members About Potential Combination with W3C Now Available
May 10, 2016

A preliminary FAQ targeted for IDPF Members is now available at For the full press release on plans to explore a W3C and IDPF combination see here. For public FAQ please see

IDPF will be holding an open meeting at BEA tomorrow, the 11th of May from 2-4pm in location W196. All IDPF members and other interested parties are invited to attend this open member meeting. Come and meet the IDPF staff, hear about the latest IDPF activities including recent and upcoming developments with the EPUB standard and learn how you can get more involved. All registered attendees are welcome.



World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) Explore Plans to Combine
May 10, 2016
Web Inventor and W3C Director Tim Berners-Lee shares vision of Publishing on the Web in his keynote address at IDPF DigiCon at BEA 2016 — 10 May, Chicago, IL, USA —The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) announced today mutual interest in combining their respective organizations to more quickly advance publishing technologies on the Open Web Platform.

Tim Berners-Lee, Web Inventor and W3C Director, and Bill McCoy, IDPF Executive Director unveiled the plans following Berners-Lee’s keynote address at IDPF DigiCon at Book Expo America 2016 in Chicago, Illinois, USA.

“We share an exciting vision for W3C and IDPF to fully align the publishing industry and core Web technology. This will create a rich media environment for digital publishing that opens up new possibilities for readers, authors, and publishers,” said Berners-Lee.

“Think about educational text books. The book content we know today is becoming highly interactive and accessible with links to videos and images from actual historical events and original research data. This provides greater authenticity and a more engaging learning environment for teachers and students,” Berners-Lee commented.

"Whether it's EPUB content or social marketing and reader engagement, Web technologies are foundational to enabling digital content to be created, distributed globally, and viewed on any Web-enabled device as well as dedicated reading apps and eReader devices," McCoy said.

Combining W3C and IDPF Resources Will Achieve Publishing on the Web Vision

Following the announcement, representatives from W3C and IDPF explained that for three years, members from their respective communities have been collaborating to identify how the publishing industry’s technology and expertise can improve the Web, and how Web technologies can create greater opportunities for the publishing industry.

“I’m enthusiastic about the prospect of joining forces with W3C. The IDPF’s track record of success in developing EPUB standards for the publishing industry will be complemented by W3C’s expertise in Web standards that enable accessible rich media,” said George Kerscher, President of the IDPF.

Dr. Jeff Jaffe, W3C CEO, concurred, “With the full participation of the digital publishing community as well as the core web platform developers we accelerate the development of technology standards. Early Web technologies did not meet the rigorous needs of authors and publishers whose curated content is crafted into books, journals and magazines with enhanced styling.”

Next Steps

The next steps in the process of combining the two organizations include soliciting comments from the respective memberships of W3C and IDPF and drafting a Memorandum of Understanding. Pending support from both memberships, completion of legal review, and the positive resolution of specific details, the goal is to combine the two organizations by January of 2017. The future evolution of EPUB technical standards would continue at W3C, along with broader work to improve publishing features across the entire Open Web Platform.

About the World Wide Web Consortium

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international consortium where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop

Web standards. W3C primarily pursues its mission through the creation of Web standards and guidelines designed to ensure long-term growth and stewardship for the Web. Over 400 organizations are Members of the Consortium.

W3C is jointly run by the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (MIT CSAIL) in the United States, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM) headquartered in France, Keio University in Japan and Beihang University in China. W3C has Offices in Australia; the Benelux countries; Brazil; Finland; France; Germany and Austria; Greece; Hungary; India; Italy; Korea; Morocco; Russia; South Africa; Spain; Sweden; and the United Kingdom and Ireland. For more information see 

About the International Digital Publishing Forum

The International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) is the global trade and standards organization dedicated to the development and promotion of electronic publishing and digital content consumption. IDPF members include publishers, technology firms, other industry associations, and government and educational organizations. IDPF is the developer of the EPUB standard format for interchange and distribution of digital publications. An FAQ about the proposed combination targeted for IDPF members is also available.

End Press Release

Media Contact

Karen Myers, W3C <> Mobile: 1.978.502.6218

Sarah Hilderley, IDPF Director of Communications <>  

IDPF Open Member Meeting and EPUB Update - Wed 11 May 2-4pm

All IDPF members and other interested parties are invited to attend this open member meeting. Come meet the IDPF staff, hear about the latest IDPF activities including recent and upcoming developments with the EPUB standard and learn how you can get more involved. All registered attendees are welcome.

Location: W196

Second Editor's Draft of EPUB 3.1 Available for Review
Markus Gylling, CTO, IDPF & Chair EPUB 3 WG
April 26, 2016

The EPUB 3 Working Group is pleased to announce that the second Editor's Draft of EPUB 3.1 is now available for community review. The previous Editors Draft, published in January, included some potentially controversial changes, in effect as 'trial balloons". Based on community feedback, some of these proposed changes have now been modified or redacted. A set of new proposed features have also been added in this draft, including the first draft of the EPUB Accessibility specification. The draft also clarifies the prioritization of Author and User styles.

For more information about changes in the new Editors Draft, please refer to the EPUB 3.1 Changes from 3.0.1 document. Those affiliated with IDPF member organizations are encouraged to join the IDPF EPUB Working Group email list to participate directly in the development process; feedback can also be provided via the IDPF GitHub issue tracker.

IDPF Member Meeting May 11 at BEA Chicago
April 18, 2016

The IDPF will host a special meeting for members at BEA 2016 (Chicago) on Wednesday, May 11 after the conclusion of our May 10-11 IDPF DigiCon conference. The meeting will take place from 2:00 to 4:00pm in McCormick Place room W196. All those who register for the IDPF DigiCon event as IDPF members will be automatically admitted to the member meeting. If you would like to attend the member meeting only (i.e. are not attending IDPF DigiCon) please RSVP your name and membership affiliation to . The meeting agenda will include an overview of the status and roadmap for EPUB standards and adoption, and important information on cross-organization collaborations. While it is not anticipated that any formal decisions will be taken, this is a member meeting and as such will not be open to the press or public. Additional information regarding this event was recently provided to each member organization's primary representative.

IDPF DigiCon @BEA Announces Speakers and Sessions - Register Now for Early Bird Savings
April 2, 2016

IDPF DigiCon @BEA (fka Digital Book) has been hailed as the absolutely critical, best value and most informative conference in the industry, attracting an audience of nearly 1,000 professionals annually, of which 60% are C-Suite executives, senior directors, or above.

The 2016 IDPF DigiCon @BEA will be held at the McCormick Center in Chicago from May 10-11, 2016.  For complete program details and for early bird savings, click here.

Our highly-acclaimed roster of speakers includes keynoter Sir Tim Berners-Lee (W3C), Michael Tamblyn (Rakuten Kobo), Rick Anderson (President-Elect, Society for Scholarly Publishing), Sean Callahan (LinkedIn), Debra Deyan (Deyan Audio), Keith Michael Fiels (Exec. Director, ALA), Michael Healy (Copyright Clearance Center), Phil Madans (Hachette Book Group), Liisa McCloy-Kelley (Penguin Random House), Dominique Raccah (SourceBooks), and many more highly-regarded technologists, librarians, University Press experts and entrepreneurs.

Join your colleagues as we take a deep dive into all things Digital: The Channels, The Formats and The Opportunities. Channel-focused topics will include retail, education, online communities, international, mobile, data, websites, content usage, and digital platforms; formats-focused topics will discuss EPUB for Education (fka EDUPUB), EPUB 3, audio formats, accessible publishing, subscription, data, rights and licensing. Opportunities explored will include the science of metadata, case studies, lending, standards, best practices, what's ahead and much more.

The IDPF welcomes the Society of Scholarly Publishers (SSP) and its members as our 2016 conference partner. We are pleased to include much greater coverage of scholarly publishing and look forward to meeting hundreds of our new SSP colleagues at IDPF DigiCon @BEA.

Visit for a complete look at the comprehensive program and speaker roster. Registration includes FREE ACCESS to BookExpo America. Register now.

Limited sponsorship opportunities remain. For inquiries, please contact Wendy Erman Wels at

Sir Tim Berners-Lee, Inventor of the World Wide Web, to Keynote at IDPF DigiCon @BEA
March 25, 2016

The IDPF is pleased to announce that Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web, will serve as the keynote speaker at the upcoming IDPF DigiCon @BEA. The 2016 DigiCon (fka IDPF Digital Book) will take place at the McCormick Center in Chicago from May 10-11, 2016. Registration to DigiCon includes free access to all of BookExpo America and early bird savings are still in effect. 

Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee is a computer scientist. He made a proposal for an information management system in March 1989, and implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the Internet sometime around mid-November of the following year.

Berners-Lee is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which oversees the Web's continued development, and is a Professor of Engineering and holder of the 3Com Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).  In 2007 he founded of the World Wide Web Foundation.  In 2004, Berners-Lee was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work and, in April 2009 he was elected a foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences. In 2011, he was named as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Ford Foundation.

"Whether it's EPUB content or social marketing and reader engagement, Web technologies are foundational to enabling content to be created and distributed globally. Digital publishers depend on the Web for everything they do, and the Web and its open standards developed by W3C are continuing to rapidly grow and evolve," said Bill McCoy, Executive Director, IDPF. "So I'm particularly delighted that Tim Berners-Lee will be with us in Chicago. We are at a key juncture in the growth of digital content and Sir Tim's talk will provide crucial inspiration and information for anyone in the industry. "

For complete program details, speaker roster, and to register, click here.  

For sponsorship inquiries, please contact Wendy Erman Wels at Limited opportunities remain. 


White House Announces Launch of Open eBooks Project
February 24, 2016
Now Available: A Library of Opportunity

Open eBooks is now available to millions of students offering unprecedented access to thousands of digital books.

What if we could ensure that every student, no matter where they live or the income of their parents, could get access to a great book?  What if they had access to not just one book, but a library of thousands of titles – and could read them from anywhere?

We’ve taken a big step toward that vision thanks to Open eBooks, a stakeholder-driven project that the President highlighted last April, and that after months of hard work by a team of libraries, publishers, and non-profits, is launching nationwide today. For millions of America’s kids, Open eBooks can be a passport to a world of learning and opportunity – delivering over $250 million of reading material to students who need it most, and introducing them to a love of reading.

Why is this so important?  Ask Colin Rogister, who helps lead the Administration’s ConnectED initiative. Colin began his career as a 2nd grade teacher at a low-income elementary school in California, where he taught Marlene, a DREAMer whose parents emigrated from Mexico to find a better life. An advanced reader, it only took Marlene a few months to finish every chapter-book in Colin’s classroom. If she had been able to access a resource like Open eBooks, she would have had thousands of popular and award-winning books at her fingertips. Stories like Marlene’s help inspire efforts like Open eBooks.

The President said it best:

“No matter who you are, where you live, or how much money you’ve got, you should be able to access the world’s knowledge and information just like anyone else.”
 –President Obama, Anacostia Library, April 30, 2015
Open eBooks helps advance ConnectED’s vision of seizing every opportunity technology affords to ensure students, inside and outside the classroom, have access to the best teaching and learning. Thanks to President Obama’s leadership, we've already cut the connectivity divide in half in schools. Meanwhile, more students than ever – at all income levels – have access at school or home to a digital device, whether a tablet, laptop, or mobile phone. According to a national survey, 85 percent of families with young children (6-13 years old) living below the poverty line have access to mobile devices. That translates into a unique opportunity to deliver more and better content to students with a hunger to learn.

Open eBooks is not a federal program; it was created by a breakthrough coalition of literacy, library, publishing, and technology organizations who worked together over the past year to make the initiative possible. This team – Digital Public Library of America, First Book, and The New York Public Library with content support from digital books distributor Baker & Taylor – created the app, curated the eBook collection, and developed a system for distribution and use. They received support for development of technology critical to the app from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and content contributions from ten major publishers — including today’s big announcement that National Geographic will include all its age-appropriate content in the app.

But they can’t do this alone. To make sure students can take advantage, they need the help of a responsible adult — those who work with children in need through libraries, schools, shelters and clinics, out-of-school programs, and early childhood programs; and those who work primarily with students in military families. This includes teachers, librarians, after-school counselors, and others primarily serving students in need. Students with codes can then download the free Open eBooks app to mobile devices from their mobile app store and enter their access code to start enjoying Open eBooks.

For more information on how to sign up and to connect young people with the eBooks they need, visit

This article was posted on by R.David Edelman, Special Assistant to the President for Economic and Technology Policies

New Public Draft for EPUB for Education Profile
February 19, 2016

A 2nd Editors Draft of the EPUB for Education Profile has been announced today. This new profile specification includes:

IMS LTI Integration Section a name change to EPUB for Education (formerly EDUPUB) the resolution of approximately 15 minor tracker issues

Unlike traditional specifications, the development of this profile is anticipated to follow an agile model with core features and functionality defined in the initial release and less critical features will follow on. Feedback on this new draft is welcomed by the EPUB for Education Working Group and should be directed to IDPF CTO, Markus Gylling -

The release of this 2nd draft has been timed to co-ordinate with the upcoming EDUPUB Alliance meetings in Baltimore next week, where plans and next steps will be discussed.